A co-op, which is also known as a cooperative share (or cooperative housing), is a multi-family housing complex that is owned by a corporation. Instead of purchasing an individual unit, as would be the case with a traditional condominium complex, you purchase a share of the corporation that owns the building. Therefore, you are essentially a shareholder in the corporation, versus a typical homeowner. Fortunately, each participant (or shareholder) gets to occupy a unit in the housing complex.
How to Buy a Co-Op / Steps to Buying a Co-Op
Buying a co-op is not as simple of a process as buying a condo, townhome, or 1-4 unit residence. You will need to take certain steps in order to accomplish buying this type of property.
Step 1 – We recommend that before you do anything, see if you will qualify for a co-op loan. It would be a shame to find a co-op that you want to buy, and do everything else that you need to do, only to find out that you can not obtain the necessary financing to secure the purchase. We can help connect you with a co-op mortgage lender in the location that the co-op you want to purchase is at. Keep in mind, a co-op loan is not technically a mortgage, but does acts similar to one. You basically are obtaining a loan to buy the shares in the cooperative.
Step 2 – Search for co-op properties in your desired location. We recommend that you use a real estate agent that has plenty of experience with these types of properties. The process of buying a co-op is different, so it would be helpful to have an agent familiar with the differences in buying a co-op verses a condominium. As for searching for a co-op, the easiest way to find one is to search homes for sale on real estate websites, such as zillow.com or realtor.com. You can then view each listing to see which is a co-op.
Step 3 – Once you have found a co-op that you are interested in, you will need to go through an approval process with the board of the corporation that owns the building. Be sure to present yourself in the best light possible, as it will ultimately be up to them if they approve you. Most boards will closely review your financial situation, and are likely to want to see at least 2 years of liquid assets to cover the mortgage payments and maintenance costs.
Step 4 – Upon being approved by the board of the co-op, you will then want to proceed with the mortgage loan. If you have already been pre-approved (which we recommend be your first step), you can then move forward with having the loan processed. You will likely need to submit income documentation, an appraisal, and whatever other specific requirements the lender has, which must be satisfied before the loan closes.
Co-Op Mortgage Lenders
The majority of banks and mortgage lenders do not offer financing for co-ops. You will want to speak with a lender who does offer financing for these types of mortgages. Below are some of the best mortgage lenders that offer programs for co-ops, along with what locations they serve.
Northstar Funding – California, Connecticut, Florida, New Jersey, and New York.
Alpine Mortgage Services – New Jersey and New York.
First Republic Bank – California, Florida, Massachusetts, New York, and Oregon.
Total Mortgage Services – Connecticut, Florida, Massachusetts, New York, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin.
California Mortgage Advisors – California.
Quicken Loans – Quicken Loans serves most of the nation with traditional home loans, but for co-ops, it appears they are currently only providing this type of financing to borrowers in New York.
Eastland Mortgage – Florida and New York.
If you would like some assistance finding a co-op lender, contact us today, we would be glad to help you.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the pros and cons of a cooperative housing (co-ops)?
The primary advantages are accessibility and affordability. If you desire to live in a particular building that is a co-op, you will have no other option, but to purchase the necessary shares to live there. In terms of affordability, sometimes a co-op may be overall cheaper than a similar condominium. The disadvantages of a co-op is that it can be a somewhat difficult process. Co-ops also require a larger down payment, high monthly maintenance fees, and there are less total lenders that offer these types of loans. You also should be aware of what can result of the co-op goes bankrupt, and the property is foreclosed on.
What happens if the cooperative goes bankrupt and forecloses?
Something you want to carefully consider is what will happen if the co-op goes bust (becomes bankrupt). In the event that the co-op defaults on it’s mortgage, and files for bankruptcy, the lender will likely move to foreclose on the property. This can be a terrible situation for shareholders, since the lender could move to evict all of the shareholders/occupants. The foreclosure process may take years to complete, and the lender may allow the shareholders to basically become tenants, but the ownership rights of shareholders would simply vanish. This is a not very common, but it certainly does happen.
What happens if I personally default on my loan, which results in a foreclosure?
In the event that you were to default on your own loan, the lender will likely want to sell the shares in the corporation that you own. In order to do this, they will need the cooperation of the board of the co-op. Before your loan is cleared to close, the lender may want to have some assurance from the board that they will be able to sell the shares, so that they are not stuck with the shares/loan.
Are there any important questions I should ask when buying a co-op?
It is advised that you are scrupulous about the overall financial responsibility of the co-op board. Some prospective co-op buyers will hire an accountant to inspect the books to see that all the finances are in order. Whether you ask for them yourself, or have an accountant do it for you, try to get at least 3 years of financial statements. You should also ask the board what sort of reserve fund they may have in place, which could help protect them against having a future default, bankruptcy, or foreclosure.
In addition to ensuring that the board is financially responsible, you will also want to make sure that they do a good job of keeping up with the maintenance of the property. Some questions may not be as easy to ask, or to get an answer for, so you can also do your best to inspect the condition of the property yourself. Does the property seem well maintained? Does the elevator seem like it may need to be replaced? Try to get an accurate assessment of how well kept the property is, and don’t be afraid to ask questions about it’s maintenance.
How do I get pre-approved for a co-op mortgage loan?
If you would like to get pre-approved for a co-op mortgage, we can match you with a co-op mortgage lender in the location the cooperative is located at. Your loan representative will also be able to answer a lot of your questions, and potentially help connect you with a real estate agent that has plenty of experience with co-ops.